The Kashmir Valley observed a total shutdown today after a call by Hurriyat Conference to protest against the new land laws notified by the Centre for the Union Territory, reported PTI. The amended laws allow any Indian citizen to buy land in the region, sparking fears among locals as it was earlier meant only for permanent residents under Article 370 of the Constitution. On October 27, the Ministry of Home Affairs had notified new land laws for Jammu and Kashmir. The Centre’s notification stated that the term “being permanent resident of the state” as a criteria has been “omitted”. Shops, petrol pumps, and other businesses were shut in Srinagar, an unidentified official said. Public transport also largely remained off the roads, but private cars and auto-rickshaws were plying in certain areas.